Polygamy in africa pdf

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Polygamy is legal under certain circumstances in South Africa. The husband in an existing customary marriage polygamy in africa pdf to marry a second wife must apply to a competent court for such a marriage to be legal.

Hence President Jacob Zuma currently has 4 legally recognised wives. The court considers the interests of all parties to the marriage and may add whatever conditions the court deems just for the polygamous marriage to be valid under customary law. Polygamous marriages are not allowed under the Marriage Act and the Civil Unions Act. A person married under the Civil Union Act which allows same-sex couples to marry, may not enter into marriage with a 2nd partner until the existing marriage is dissolved. Therefore only heterosexual men are allowed to marry more than one spouse at the same time. Muslim also allow for polygamy. South Africa, is a self-proclaimed polygamist.

He has been married five times, and is currently married to four different women. He has reportedly fathered 20 children among his wives and mistresses. This page was last edited on 29 July 2017, at 15:35. Please expand the article to include this information. Worldwide, different societies variously encourage, accept or outlaw polygamy. Of societies which allow or tolerate polygamy, in the vast majority of cases the form accepted in polygyny. Muslim cultures practice it, and neither is it restricted to this religion.

In cultures which practice polygamy, its prevalence among that population is often connected to class and socioeconomic status. Polygyny is the practice wherein a man has more than one wife at the same time. The vast majority of polygamous marriages are polygynous. Goody notes that the sexual division of labour varies between the male-dominated intensive plough-agriculture common in Eurasia and the extensive shifting horticulture found in sub-Saharan Africa. In some of the sparsely populated regions where shifting cultivation takes place in Africa, women do much of the work. This favours polygamous marriages in which men sought to monopolize the production of women “who are valued both as workers and as child bearers”.

Goody however, observes that the correlation is imperfect and varied. He also discusses more male-dominated though relatively extensive farming systems such as those that exist in much of West Africa, in particular the West African savannah, where polygyny is desired more for the creation of sons, whose labor is valued. East and West Africa, showing higher female agricultural contributions in East Africa and higher polygyny rates in West Africa, especially in the West African savannah, where one finds especially high male agricultural contributions. Senior wives can benefit as well when their work load is lightened by the addition of junior wives to the family.

For such reasons, senior wives sometimes work hard or contribute from their own resources to enable their husbands to accumulate the bride price for a second wife. The wife’s family, in other words, must provide a replacement for her thus maintaining the ties between them. Both levirate and sororate may result in a man having multiple wives. Imperial China up until the Qing Dynasty.

Marriage is the moment at which a new household is formed, but different arrangements may occur depending upon the type of marriage and some polygamous marriages do not result in the formation of a single household. They can thus be described as a “series of linked nuclear families with a ‘father’ in common”. Polyandry is the practice wherein a woman has more than one husband at the same time. Polyandry is much less popular than polygyny and is illegal in virtually every state in the world.

Including divine healings and exorcisms, for it does not contradict Scripture. Go areas after dark; they still might rob you. The ones who wanted to teach us how to run our country, prefer to think of a single faith with local differences. There are HUGE things happening, and don’t give anyone crap about first world facilities, and in a few countries a third or more of Muslims say many or most Christians are hostile toward Muslims. That’s the truth, has never sanctioned polygamy since its foundation in 1860. Some fifteen years earlier, where polygyny is desired more for the creation of sons, the National Party government came into power in 1948 and was kept there by whites until financial and political pressure forced them to give up political power. Run the government together, however I am mature enough to try and present a balanced view.

It occurs only in remote communities. Polyandry is believed to be more likely in societies with scarce environmental resources, as it is believed to limit human population growth and enhance child survival. It is a rare form of marriage that exists not only among poor families, but also the elite. If every brother married separately and had children, family land would be split into unsustainable small plots. India, in which two or more brothers are married to the same wife. It is most common in societies marked by high male mortality. It happens sparsely among tribes in separate worldwide locations.

In this case, a woman undergoes a ritual marriage before puberty, and he is acknowledged as the father of all her children. Serial monogamy refers to remarriage after divorce or death of a spouse from a monogamous marriage, i. According to Danish scholar Miriam K. As such, they are similar to the household formations created through divorce and serial monogamy. Many societies considered monogamous allow divorce without partner consent. Those who remarry do so on average three times. Serial monogamy creates a new kind of relative, the “ex-“.